It is said that for about 400 million years, termites have moved away from cockroaches. Sometime before that, plants were woody and termites were unique feeders on this new type of food. (Ants, around 300 million years ago their mortal enemy was recognizable).
Termites are a social insect that lives in a colony with three different departments; a queen, workers, and soldiers. To attach their nest to food sources, they create mud tunnels. To protect themselves from being exposed and dehydrated to the outside climate, the tunnels are made of moist soils.
During her lifetime, a queen will lay millions of eggs. The eggs hatch into nymphs after about two weeks of incubation. The employees (workers) are feeding them. Then the nymphs mount into employees. It may separate themselves into workers, soldiers and reproductive when they are sufficiently mature. The colony will grow and from time to time the nest will expand. The colony will split into several small’ nesting sites’ as the foraging area expands.
Termite eggs in form are tiny, white, translucent and oval. The eggs are large enough for naked eyes to be visible. In her first breed, a newly developed queen will lay two dozen eggs. In the underground nest, eggs are laid and stored and rarely seen by humans.
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